PEDODONTI (Pediatric dentistry)
Pedodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the protection of dental health, prevention of possible problems, treatment of diseases and protection of teeth for the future during the eruption of deciduous teeth and then permanent teeth.
WHAT ARE PEDODONTIC APPLICATIONS?
The applications of pedodontics are:
- Applications that prevent caries development
- Applications to prevent gum diseases
- Treatment of structural developmental anomalies
- Root canal treatment of milk teeth and permanent teeth
- Aesthetic treatment of milk teeth and permanent teeth
When Do Milk Teeth Come Out?
Baby teeth begin to emerge when the baby is 6-12 months old, and their eruption is completed when the baby is 24-30 months old. There are 20 milk teeth in total, 10 of which are located in the upper jaw and 10 in the lower jaw.
When Do Permanent Teeth Come Out?
Permanent teeth erupt at the age of 5-6 with the eruption of the first molar, and it is completed around the age of 20. Of the 32 permanent teeth, 16 are located in the upper jaw and 16 in the lower jaw.
When should the first dental examination be done?
After the first tooth eruption (between the 6th and 12th months), the first dental examination should be performed. Afterwards, dental development is followed up with checks every six months, necessary treatments are carried out and the children are accustomed to the dentist.
What is bottle rot?
Baby bottle rot occurs before and/or during sleep, when a baby bottle containing sugar/honey milk or sweetened pacifiers are given to children. Depending on the long-term retention of sugary milk in the mouth, it causes staining on the teeth and then caries.
Considerations for Preventing Baby Bottle Caries
Since cavities are difficult to treat in babies, care should be taken to avoid bottle cavities. For this:
- Hygiene of the teeth should be ensured when the first milk teeth begin to appear (between 6-12 months). Teeth can be cleaned by wrapping a clean and slightly damp cloth on the index finger or a finger brush can be used.
- Putting the baby to sleep with a bottle or a sweetened pacifier should definitely be stopped around the age of 1-2.
- With the eruption of the first milk tooth, the baby should be taken to the first dental examination, and then every 6 months.
- Between the ages of 2-4, teeth should be brushed with or without a toothpaste recommended by the dentist.
- No sweetener should be added to the milk, even if it is natural.
- Tooth Preserving Methods Applied in Children